The Low Barracks was 114 feet (35 m) long, and the Long Barracks was 186 feet (57 m) long and 18 feet (5.5 m) wide. [Note 16][131], Santa Anna reportedly told Captain Fernando Urizza that the battle "was but a small affair". [63] The Mexican soldiers retreated,[65] after six of their soldiers were killed and four wounded, while several Texians had been mildly scratched by flying rock. [45], By the time the parleys were over it was nightfall, and the firing ceased. On February 12 they crossed the Rio Grande. On the second day of the siege, February 24, 1836, Travis called for reinforcements with this heroic message: I shall never surrender or retreat. 139. Although unconvinced by the reports, Travis stationed a soldier in the San Fernando church bell tower, the highest location in town, to watch for signs of an approaching force. deprived it of its sacred purpose.. [163] In the decades since, the battle has featured prominently in many non-fiction works. [99] He finally asked a local citizen, Manuel Menchaca, to help them find food; Menchaca led the army to the Seguin and Flores ranches and stole all of their corn, beef, and hogs. Travis replied by opening fire on the Mexican forces and, in doing so, effectively sealed their fate. [Note 10][78] In the darkness, the Texians fired on the remaining 32 men, whom they assumed were Mexican soldiers. [103] Lacking canister shot, Texians filled their cannon with any metal they could find, including door hinges, nails, and chopped-up horseshoes, essentially turning the cannon into giant shotguns. None of its defenders can be held responsible for its misuse by anyone, including 20th century filmmakers or 21st century historians. This episode was first mentioned in a newspaper article written thirty-five years after the Alamo fell by a reporter who said his parents heard the story directly from Rose. [23] The walls surrounding the complex were at least 2.75 feet (0.84 m) thick and ranged from 9–12 ft (2.7–3.7 m) high. According to Almonte, the Texians asked for an honorable surrender but were informed that any surrender must be unconditional. On March 2, the delegates declared independence, forming the Republic of Texas. [2], During the siege, newly elected delegates from across Texas met at the Convention of 1836. [23], Mexican soldiers withdrew and regrouped, but their second attack was repulsed. [52] That afternoon Travis wrote a letter addressed To the People of Texas & All Americans in the World, which is, according to Mary Deborah Petite "considered by many as one of the masterpieces of American patriotism". The battle was conspicuous for the large number of illustrious personalities among its … Volunteers in the Texian Army asserted the right to choose their own leaders, and most of them were unwilling to serve under officers of the regular army. Built around 1724 as a mission complex by the Spanish government, the Alamo was not just a single building but a group of them that spanned three acres and surrounded a central courtyard. Mexican general Santa Anna appeared in short order at the head of a massive army and laid siege to the Alamo. That afternoon, the entire group joined the group waiting at Cibolo Creek, 35 miles (56 km) from the Alamo. [62] As soon as the Texians saw flames erupting from the huts they threw open the Alamo gate, and the Texians re-entered the Alamo, unscathed,[64] although Rose was almost captured by a Mexican officer. [134] Other estimates of the number of Mexican soldiers killed ranged from 60–200, with an additional 250–300 wounded. For the next 10 days, the two armies engaged in several skirmishes with minimal casualties. A short recap of the Siege and Battle of the Alamo. One of the first to scale the 12-foot (3.7 m) wall was General Juan Amador; at his challenge, his men began swarming up the wall. [26] The next night, Santa Anna and his army camped at Leon Creek, 8 miles (13 km) west of what is now Downtown San Antonio. After repelling two attacks, the Texians were unable to fend off a third attack. The volunteers were afraid they had been discovered and galloped towards the Alamo. [Note 14][122] Possibly the last Texian to die in battle was Jacob Walker,[123] who attempted to hide behind Susannah Dickinson and was bayoneted in front of the women. [Note 18][133] Shortly after the battle, Colonel José Juan Sanchez Navarro proposed that a monument should be erected to the fallen Mexican soldiers. [69] Travis was adamant that Seguin remain behind, as his knowledge of the language, the countryside, and Mexican customs was invaluable. According to historian J.R. Edmondson, "The flag was a variation of the Mexican tricolor with two stars, representing the separated states of Texas and Coahuila, gleaming from the white center bar. [11] By this point, the Texian Army was dominated by very recent arrivals to the region, primarily illegal immigrants from the United States. Later that afternoon Santa Anna personally presided over the distribution of shoes to some members of his army. [106] As each door was blown off Mexican soldiers would fire a volley of muskets into the dark room, then charge in for hand-to-hand combat. [109], Last words of Texian defender Almaron Dickinson to his wife Susanna as he prepared to defend the chapel. [77] According to historian Thomas Ricks Lindley, Bastian encountered the Gonzales Ranging Company led by Lieutenant George C. Kimble and Travis' courier to Gonzales, Albert Martin, who had tired of waiting for Fannin. The famed Alamo battle was fought more than 200 miles away from where President Donald Trump is expected to give a defiant speech on Tuesday, but historians say that by speaking in Alamo, Texas, Trump is bringing to mind a piece of history that is fraught with racist myths.. Alamo is a small town on the Texas-Mexico border named after the 19th-century mission and fortress in San … [40][Note 7] Temperatures in Texas reached record lows, and by February 13 an estimated 15–16 inches (38–41 cm) of snow had fallen. All of the defenders were killed; the Mexican army had nearly 600 casualties. Santa Anna ordered Colonel Juan Almonte and 800 dragoons to intercept the Texian relief force. [114] Unbeknownst to both the Mexican and Texian soldiers, on March 2, delegates to the Convention of 1836 adopted the Texas Declaration of Independence; the Texians were now fighting for the new Republic of Texas. The Mexican army now had artillery stationed on three sides of the Alamo. It serves as the frontier picquet guard, and if it were in the possession of Santa Anna, there is no stronghold from which to repel him in his march towards the Sabine. [112] Meanwhile, Bonham had spoken with Fannin, who again declined to relieve the Alamo. [7] The border region of Mexican Texas was largely populated by immigrants from the United States, some legal but most illegal. ), Although many Alamo historians describe Dr. James Sutherland's participation in the early events of the siege, in his book, Juan Seguin also entered the compound on the 23 bringing 14 of his men and their family members into the Alamo. [161] The next major treatment of the battle was Reuben Potter's The Fall of the Alamo, published in The Magazine of American History in 1878. [112] Seguin recruited an additional 25 Tejanos, and Dr. Sutherland and Horace Alsbury, husband of Juana Navarro Alsbury, recruited 12 more men and set out on February 28 for Cibolo in the hopes of meeting Fannin. [87] The group then took six hours to cross the waist-deep water of the San Antonio River. Edmondson notes that Alsbury returned to the Alamo, and he speculates that Travis sent her to try to negotiate an honorable surrender for the Texian troops. [148], Despite their losses at the Alamo, the Mexican army in Texas still outnumbered the Texian army by almost six to one. The Battle of The Alamo took place in 1836 between February 23 and March 6 in present-day San Antonio, Texas. A second group was driven across the prairie by Mexican soldiers. After a volley of fire and a wave of Mexican bayonets, the few remaining Texians in this group fell back towards the church. Amador opened the postern in the north wall, allowing Mexican soldiers to pour into the complex. Mexican soldiers turned the cannon towards the barracks. [113] Highsmith had tried to return to the Alamo but had been chased for 6 miles (9.7 km) by Mexican cavalry; he told Bonham that no one could get through the Mexican lines. Hypothermia, dysentery, and Comanche raiding parties took a heavy toll on the Mexican soldiers. (Petite (1999), p. [124] Another Texian, Brigido Guerrero, also sought refuge in the sacristy. The younger you are, the wronger you are, at least when it comes to the Alamo. (Edmondson (2000), p. (Myers (1948), pp. [58] By the end of the first full day of siege the Mexican army had been reinforced by 600 of Sesma's troops. It is also the first and only such film shot at the Alamo. The famous siege of the Alamo in San Antonio lasted from February 23 to March 6, 1836. [104] The tight concentration of troops also offered an excellent target for the Texian artillery. [6] By the end of the year, Texian forces had expelled all Mexican soldiers from the area. 374.) [81], The arrival of the Mexican reinforcements prompted Travis to send three men, including Davy Crockett, to find Fannin's force, which he still believed to be en route. [49] Several other Texian soldiers were unable to make it into the Alamo. The strategic objective of the stand was to delay Mexican forces and thereby permit military organization of the Texas settlers. If that isn't "tactically significant" then there ain't a cow in Texas. At 11 a.m. Santa Anna accompanied the cavalry on a scouting mission, coming within musket shot of the Alamo. [36][37] The Texians lowered their flag and brought it into the Alamo. The following day they reached Hondo, less than 50 miles (80 km) away. [115] In the confusion, the Texians had neglected to spike their cannon before retreating. The Siege of the Alamo (February 23 – March 6, 1836) describes the first thirteen days of the Battle of the Alamo. [80], On February 26, news of the siege finally reached acting governor James W. Robinson, who immediately sent a courier to find Sam Houston. The defenders were mostly from the United States, though 41 of … The story of the battle has become an enduring piece of American folklore. [124], During the day, the Mexican army had erected a battery on the north side of the Alamo, within musket shot of the complex walls. [157] In the early 20th century the Texas Legislature purchased the property and appointed the Daughters of the Republic of Texas as permanent caretakers[158] of what is now an official state shrine. It is believed that many stories, such as the surrender and execution of Crockett, were created and spread in order to discredit Santa Anna and add to his role as villain." [48] The Texians received one reinforcement that night, when one of Seguin's men, Gregorio Esparza, arrived with his family. They hoped to rendezvous with Colonel James Fannin, who was expected to arrive from Goliad with his garrison. [86][94] Lindley speculates that Fannin sent an advance relief force under Captain John Chenoweth and Francis de Sauque to scout the area around Bexar. [96] As a precaution, 500 Mexican cavalry were positioned around the Alamo to prevent escape of either Texian or Mexican soldiers. [68] Barely 200 yards (180 m) into their journey, one of the wagons broke down, and the expedition stopped for repairs. That afternoon, Santa Anna called a council of war with his senior officers. The Alamo was defended by a small force of Texians and Tejanos, led by William Barrett Travis and James Bowie, and included Davy Crockett. The triumph of conservative forces in the elections unleashed a series of events that culminated on October 23, 1835, under a new constitution, after the repeal of the federalist Constitution of 1824. [11] Determined to quell the rebellion of immigrants, Santa Anna began assembling a large force, the Army of Operations in Texas, to restore order. I tell you, the Alamo must fall, and my orders must be obeyed at all hazards. Texas aged 18-29 are the least likely to know Mexico won the Battle of the Alamo (43 percent), and the most likely to think Texas won (31 percent), that the United States won 10 percent), and to say they don’t know at 17 percent, which I suppose is a way of answering the question correctly. [26][27] The Texian government was in turmoil and unable to provide much assistance. While they were not successful and the Alamo fell, it remains a key moment in the fight and in American history. [126], According to many accounts of the battle, between five and seven Texians surrendered. Among these was Alamaron Dickinson, who fetched his wife Susanna and their daughter Angelina, and Bowie, who brought his deceased wife's cousins, Gertrudis Navarro and Juana Navarro Alsbury and Alsbury's young son into the fort. [29] At approximately 2:30 that afternoon[29] the church bell began to ring; the soldier stationed in the tower claimed to have seen flashes in the distance. [118] According to later reports by Filisola, on the evening of March 4, a woman from Bexar informed Santa Anna that Travis and his men were planning to either surrender or escape if reinforcements did not arrive quickly. [134] Legend holds that at some point on March 5, Travis gathered his men and explained that an attack was likely imminent, and that the Mexican Army would likely prevail. [60] Santa Anna learned that a beautiful 17-year-old girl, Melchora Barrera, and her widowed mother had remained in town, and he dispatched one of his men to ask the girl to be Santa Anna's mistress. [144], Within hours of Houston's arrival on March 11, Andres Barcenas and Anselmo Bergaras arrived with news that the Alamo had fallen and all Texians were slain. One of the batteries was located along the right bank of the San Antonio River, approximately 1,000 feet (300 m) from the south wall of the Alamo. [73] On February 26, after days of indecision, Fannin ordered 320 men, four cannons, and several supply wagons to march towards the Alamo, 90 miles (140 km) away. Siege of the Alamo Santa Anna marched through the winter to get revenge for the battle of Gonzales and surrounded Texans at an old mission. [89] Travis apparently did, at some point prior to the final assault, assemble the men for a conference to inform them of the dire situation and giving them the chance to either escape or stay and die for the cause. [14] The walls surrounding the complex were at least 2.75 feet (0.84 m) thick and ranged from 9–12 ft (2.7–3.7 m) high. Two 12-lb cannons, with the capability to quickly destroy the Alamo walls, were due to arrive in Bexar on Monday, March 7. The Texian resistance led by William B. Travis put up a brave stand but was ultimately crushed and all Texians involved in the battle were killed. ), To the People of Texas & All Americans in the World, List of Texian survivors of the Battle of the Alamo, List of Texan survivors of the Battle of the Alamo, "Phil Collins' star rises over the Alamo", "Remembering the Alamo with Phil Collins", With Davy Crockett at the Fall of the Alamo, Foreign relations of the Republic of Texas, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Battle_of_the_Alamo&oldid=1001308706, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 03:36. [72] Seguin, riding Bowie's horse, which was the fastest in the mission, and his aide Antonio Cruz left about 9 pm. [130] Historians disagree on which version of Crockett's death is accurate. Santa Anna remained in camp with the 400 reserves. At 11 a.m. Santa Anna accompanied the cavalry on a scouting mission, coming within musket shot of the Alamo. After discharging their weapons, the small band of Texians scrambled over the low wall, circled behind the church and raced on foot for the east prairie, which appeared empty. [2] Each woman was given a blanket and two silver pesos. The battle of the Alamo is a long-recognized symbol of bravery in the face of unbeatable odds. Though the Texans lost, the battle has become a symbol of heroism and independence. [123], On the afternoon of March 3, reinforcements arrived for Santa Anna's army. [58] Late that afternoon, two Mexican scouts became the first fatalities of the siege. [109], Edmondson relates a different version of the campaign. They overlooked the fact that mesquite grass sprouted earlier than normal grass. In his absence, the garrison was jointly commanded by newcomers William B. Travis—a regular army officer— and James Bowie, who had commanded a volunteer company. When they said yes, he turned and told them to follow him. [117] Most of the Texians in the Alamo had believed that Ramirez y Sesma had been leading the Mexican forces during the siege, and they mistakenly attributed the celebration to the arrival of Santa Anna. [37] Rather than advance along the coast, where supplies and reinforcements could be easily delivered by sea, Santa Anna ordered his army inland to Béxar, the political center of Texas and the site of Cos's defeat. [130] The orders instructed all men to wear shoes or sandals and to properly tie their shako chin-straps. for siege and battle. [123] The Texians watched from the walls as approximately 1000 Mexican troops, attired in dress uniform, marched into Bexar's military plaza. [118] Travis then wrote several private letters[119] and entrusted all of the communications to John W. Smith, who volunteered to sneak through the enemy lines. [127] However, in 1876, Susannah Dickinson said that Travis sent three men out shortly after dark on March 3, probably in response to the arrival of the Mexican reinforcements. Eyewitnesses to the battle gave conflicting accounts of his death. [41], On February 21, Santa Anna and his vanguard reached the banks of the Medina River, 25 miles (40 km) from Béxar. [140], In an attempt to convince other slaves in Texas to support the Mexican government over the Texian rebellion, Santa Anna spared Travis' slave, Joe. The Texas Legislature purchased the land and buildings in the early part of the 20th century and designated the Alamo chapel as an official Texas State Shrine. The remaining rifle companies of the San Luis Battalion, as well as the Toluca Battalion, would be under the command of Colonel Francisco Duque. By March 1, the number of Mexican casualties were nine dead and four wounded, while the Texian garrison had lost only one man. There would have been little glory in a bloodless victory, and glory is what Santa Anna craved above all else. The news sparked both a strong rush to join the Texian army and a panic, known as "The Runaway Scrape", in which the Texian army, most settlers, and the new, self-proclaimed but officially unrecognized, Republic of Texas government fled eastward toward the United States ahead of the advancing Mexican Army. As Santa Anna had planned, the exhausted Texians soon fell into a deep sleep, the first uninterrupted sleep many had gotten since the siege began. According to the diary of Jose Enrique de la Pena, on this day carelessness led the Aldama Battalion's powder supply to catch fire, causing "considerable alarm". (Edmondson (2000), p. As the battle climaxed with a massive attack over the walls, the defenders… Read More [49] On learning this, Bowie and Travis mutually agreed to fire the cannon again. The Battle of the Alamo is considered a pivota… Extensive use is made of original documents, from both sides of the battle, with legend (the famous line in the sand) presented as legend, and no historical rewriting. [22], Despite the Texian disbelief, by the evening of February 20 many of the residents of Bexar began to pack their belongings in preparation for leaving. For a description of the entire battle, see, The plaza covered an area 75 feet (23 m) long and 62 feet (19 m) wide. [91], At 10 p.m. on March 5, the Mexican artillery ceased their bombardment. Thirteen days earlier, on February 23, Mexican General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna ordered a siege of the Alamo Mission (near present-day San … [43], In the early hours of February 23, residents began fleeing Béxar, fearing the Mexican army's imminent arrival. Several noncombatants were sent to Gonzales to spread word of the Texian defeat. As Mexican soldiers scaled the walls, most of the Texian fighters withdrew into interior buildings. [69] Throughout the siege these towns had received multiple couriers, dispatched by Travis to plead for reinforcements and supplies. ), Lieutenant José Maria Torres is credited with successfully raising the Mexican flag; he was mortally wounded in the process. By 1:45 pm on February 21 Santa Anna and his vanguard had reached the banks of the Medina River, 25 miles (40 km) from Bexar. [59] Antonio Gaona and the First Brigade were still several days march away, while an additional 400–500 men and most of the Mexican artillery were struggling through mud south of Bexar. [146] Realizing that the Mexican army would soon advance towards the Texian settlements, Houston advised all civilians in the area to evacuate and ordered his new army to retreat. "[117], The last of the Texians to die were the 11 men manning the two 12-pounder cannons in the chapel. Believing that the Alamo would be adequately reinforced, the delegates took no further action. It is also considered more faithful to the actual events than other movies. [101] Most of the noncombatants gathered in the church sacristy for safety. [62] Travis called for volunteers to burn the huts, despite the fact that it was broad daylight and they would be within musket range of the Mexican soldiers. The Alamo Mission (Spanish: Misión de Álamo), commonly called the Alamo and originally known as the Misión San Antonio de Valero, is a historic Spanish mission and fortress compound founded in the 18th century by Roman Catholic missionaries in what is now San Antonio, Texas, United States.It was the site of the Battle of the Alamo in 1836. The call is upon ALL who are able to bear arms, to rally without one moment's delay, or in fifteen days the heart of Texas will be the seat of war. [10] The complex sprawled across 3 acres (1.2 ha), providing almost 1,320 feet (400 m) of perimeter to defend. Crockett and his men fired rifles, while other Texians reloaded extra weapons for them. Texian Green Jameson tasked the men in the Alamo with finishing a well at the south end of the plaza. Throughout the day, the Mexican army reconnoitered the Alamo defenses. Mexican soldiers drove a second group across the prairie. Next they … [110] The Mexican army now controlled all of the outer walls and the interior of the Alamo compound except for the church and rooms along the east and west walls. [30] In a letter to Governor Henry Smith, Bowie argued that "the salvation of Texas depends in great measure on keeping Béxar out of the hands of the enemy. [105] On the march to Bexar eight additional men joined the group. "[20], By late afternoon, Béxar was occupied by about 1500 Mexican troops, who quickly raised a blood-red flag signifying "No Quarter". [32] They were able to gather enough beef and corn into the Alamo to last a month. The Alamo's well proved inadequate in supplying the garrison's water needs. On February 23, approximately 1,500 Mexicans marched into San Antonio de Béxar as the first step in a campaign to retake Texas. [113][119] A shot from the 18-pounder cannon destroyed the barricades at the front of the church, and Mexican soldiers entered the building after firing an initial musket volley. [8][Note 2], On February 16 and February 18 local resident Ambrosio Rodriguez warned his good friend William Barret Travis that their relatives further south claimed that Santa Anna was on the march towards Bexar. [88] On the morning of February 26, he set out with 320 men, 4 cannon, and several supply wagons for the 90 miles (140 km) march from Goliad to the Alamo. The Alamo Timeline Timeline Description: The Battle of the Alamo is a heroic moment in the movement for Texas independence. [Note 17][2] In his initial report Santa Anna claimed that 600 Texians had been killed, with only 70 Mexican soldiers killed and 300 wounded. [150] The New York Post editorialized that "had [Santa Anna] treated the vanquished with moderation and generosity, it would have been difficult if not impossible to awaken that general sympathy for the people of Texas which now impels so many adventurous and ardent spirits to throng to the aid of their brethren". 372. [88] Most scholars disregard this tale as there is no primary source evidence to support it (the story only surfaced decades after the battle in a third-hand account). The Texians were able to bring them back into service quickly. [14], The Texians systematically defeated the Mexican troops already stationed in Texas. [142] The day after the battle, he interviewed each noncombatant individually. [47] According to Edmondson, the Texians sent a small party to forage that evening. [12] At the northern corner of the east wall stood a cattle pen and horse corral. [103] They were led by Martin and George Kimbell, Almaron Dickinson's business partner. [49] Travis was angered that Bowie had acted unilaterally and sent his own representative, Captain Albert Martin. Although unconvinced by the reports, Travis stationed a soldier in the San Fernando churchbell tower, the highest location in town, to watch for signs of an approaching force. [110], The occupiers in the cattle pen retreated into the horse corral. [13] The two-story Long Barracks extended north from the chapel. [122] At this point, Lindley calculated that the Alamo should have had approximately 164 effective men. [90], The last Texian verified to have left the Alamo was James Allen, a courier who carried personal messages from Travis and several of the other men on March 5. [55][68] Almonte and 800 dragoons were stationed along the road to Goliad. The men agreed, and William exchanged places with his father. Each night the batteries inched closer to the Alamo walls. [155], In San Antonio de Béxar, the largely Tejano population viewed the Alamo complex as more than just a battle site; it represented decades of assistance—as a mission, a hospital, or a military post. [143] Alsbury and the other Tejano women were allowed to return to their homes in Béxar; Dickinson, her daughter and Joe were sent to Gonzales, escorted by Ben. According to his aide, Fernando Urissa, Santa Anna responded "What are the lives of soldiers than so many chickens? [26] Neill requested additional troops and supplies, stressing that the garrison was likely to be unable to withstand a siege lasting longer than four days. Focus has centered primarily on the Texian occupiers, with little emphasis given to the role of the Tejano soldiers who served in the Texian army or the actions of the Mexican army. He identified up to 50 of Fannin's men, most of whom had been in Thomas H. Breece's company of New Orleans Greys, who left Goliad to go to the rescue of their former mates. [Note 13][113], For the next hour, the Mexican army worked to secure complete control of the Alamo. [8], When Mexican troops departed San Antonio de Béxar (now San Antonio, Texas, US), Texian soldiers established a garrison at the Alamo Mission, a former Spanish religious outpost which had been converted to a makeshift fort. 180–81. NARRATOR: The battle of the Alamo was a famous fight in the Texas revolution—the struggle for Texas independence from Mexico. We have 150 men and are determined to defend the Alamo to the last. [37] Officers used the long journey to train the men. Although the battle itself lasted only 90 minutes, it was the culmination of a 13-day siege by General Antonio López de Santa Anna's troops against the outnumbered inhabitants of the fort. [64] Texian attempts to gather firewood were thwarted by Mexican troops. CNN described it as possibly "the most character-driven of all the movies made on the subject". And now it remains for him to be generous to the vanquished." Many of his officers disagreed, recommending instead that they wait for the arrival of the heavy artillery. One interpretation is that Bowie's orders were to destroy only the barricades that the Mexican Army had erected around San Antonio de Béxar, and that he should then wait in the Alamo until Governor Henry Smith decided whether the mission should be demolished and the artillery removed. Into interior buildings plead for reinforcements and gather supplies than 200 cannonballs landed in the fortified barracks rooms few. From the roof of one building Mexican bombardment continued through the morning February. Objective of the east wall stood siege of the alamo cattle pen and horse corral and legends have grown about the of. 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Song, see, `` Remember the Alamo to prevent escape of either Texian or Mexican soldiers mistook for. The raid had to be generous to the Texians to fire the again... Note to Gonzales `` to hurry up reinforcements '' through Mexican lines and entered the Alamo a established... [ 12 ] at the Alamo, while the Mexican soldiers in until! Overheard by Almonte 's journal did not realize it was Santa Anna presided! That at least one Texian was killed by soldiers while Too weak to lift his head retake..., Captain Albert Martin Texians fell back to the death to maintain control of the siege began symbol heroism! Finishing a well at the Alamo plaza Jameson to meet with Santa Anna responded `` what are lives. Events occurred on Wednesday, February 24 marked the first Brigade was San! Part of the Texas Revolution of 183536, it takes its name from funeral. Were forced to rely on oxen was driven across the prairie Travis ’ original,... 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