Now, the mother still plays the same role as mother and father but is no longer as directly involved with her son. This sentence signified his overall turn from being that of a loving and wholehearted individual to one of the many people in his society. She prepares for her son’s death by going downtown to buy funeral apparel. Other examples of this, can be found in lines 43-44 and line 48, as both speaks about betrayal once again, where the thief on the left hand side of the cross has committed sinful acts, as well as Absalom, David’s son, who had also betrayed him. Throughout both these examples, the them dishonesty is placed in the spotlight as it encompasses telling a lie, in the sense that he is lying about his true feelings, which are dishonest. It is with the combination of simple poetic devices and an extremely deep inner meaning, that “The Negro Speaks of Rivers,” was one of Langston Hughes’ better known poems. B. Then suddenly a strange man seems to be taking advantage of him. Customize this Example* More options Start my free trial Use This Assignment With My Students* ... “Women” Literary Elements. While with Goodison’s poem, The persona within the poem is telling the story of a mother who loved and showed deep affection for her son, she thinks of the unfortunate circumstances she faced as a single mother, the mother had set no boundaries on what the child could become in the future but is told that he has an employer who values him so much that he is given his own gun, which to her represents destruction and criminal activities. xref The speaking personas in both poems “Once Upon a Time” and The Woman who Speaks to the Man who oyed her Son” talk about how they want there off springs to live a better life. 0000003137 00000 n 0000220722 00000 n Such signs made her know That she was not alone in her body. The Poem “Once Upon A Time” a major theme seen in the poem is the lost of childhood innocence. Allegory can convey hidden meanings through symbolic figures, actions, and imagery. Example: "The pen is mightier than the sword." The speaking persona in the latter mentioned poem is talking about a woman who was unaware of her pregnancy until she experienced pregnancy symptoms. 0000150748 00000 n 0000044968 00000 n The father takes on the role of informing his son about the changes in society. Poetic devices are a form of literary devices used in poems. In “The Woman speaks to the man who has employed her son” The mother’s role is a parent who is concerned for her son as he involves himself in criminal activity for his employer. The speaker is not apart of the poem, which creates an unbiased atmosphere, where she only focusses on telling the readers about the mother’s current situation and not bombarding them with her opinions. 1: Both parents have different relations with the children in each poem. Admitting to her defeat, she prepares for her son inevitable death. The mother is overwhelmed by what her son is doing and is disappointed in him, because it could be classified as a sinful act, where the mother feels betrayed, just like how Judas’ mother felt. A nice euphony can be achieved by using this poetic device. The loss of innocence is portrayed as the poem hints to time moving and persons getting older which cause these little genuine acts become less present. A. Parental Influence refers to the attitude, or any action that somehow shapes or moulds a child’s growth or development positively, the involvement of parents within child’s life is essential for the blossoming of a robust relationship between parent and child, the theme of parental influence presents itself within Gabriel Okara’s “Once Upon A Time” and Lorna Goodison’s “The Woman Speaks To The Man Who Employed Her Son”. In the poem, ” Once Upon A Time, ” the poetic device of simile is used effectively to draw out many theme in the poem. Poetic devices help the poet to create and amplify the feelings. One such example can be found in lines 41-42, where the speaker made reference to “Judas Iscariot’s mother,” because her son is involved in acts of criminality, just like Judas when he betrayed Jesus, which is one of the greatest offenses. This shows that there is no real feeling, warmth or emotion in their actions or their words. Poetic Devices. It was stated that his father wasn’t there for him from birth and his mother then took both roles and cared for him and also gave him no limits to what he could become. Consider “Once Upon a Time” and “The Woman Speaks to the Man who has Employed her Son” and respond to the following questions in fully developed paragraphs (using the PEEL format): A. Pay attention: the program cannot take into account all the numerous nuances of poetic technique while analyzing. Allegory. Delano Miller Any music can be simple or complex, shallow or deep, but these famous pop songs draw in elements of writing that make their lyrics positively poetic. He also serves as a testament of what the ‘real’ world can do to you if your not prepared.While in “The Woman speaks to the Man who has Employed her Son”, the role of the mother was not only to be the maternal figure, who would carry the son through pregnancy then nurture him and show him compassion, but to also be the paternal figure or the father figure, who would guide the son in being a man and teach him life lessons and mould him in preparation for the world of adults as stated in the poem where it states ‘She raised him twice, once as mother/ then as father’. The reason that these are referred to as devices is that they are used in a way that is technical to throw a poem together. In the lives of children a parental figure is a must. Poetry Analysis – Blog Response #1. Someone, somewhere, wants something. The mother and Judas’ mother are in the same shoes, because they have to just sit back and watch as their sons ruin their lives and they can’t do anything about it. 0000131698 00000 n Overall, figures of speech function as literary devices because of their expressive use of language. The first person perspective highlights the tone- reflective, which is evident in lines 2-4, as it emphasizes that his trust in people has faded away over the years, that causes him to feel disappointed in the direction society is heading. In “The woman speaks to the man who has employed her son”, Allusion is an important literary device. The poems “Once Upon a Time” by Gabriel Okara and “The Woman speaks to the Man who has Employed her Son” by Lorna Goodison are both testaments to this statement.In “Once Upon a Time”, we are introduced to the persona and his son. 0000013774 00000 n 0000150324 00000 n You'll notice the difference in the way women speak when you call them on the phone. 0000030293 00000 n — Louis Armstrong A POET IS LIMITED in the materials he can use in creating his works: all he has are words to express his ideas and feelings. In this poem the ‘black cloth’ symbolises the son’s death and how she is preparing for his funeral.This highlights the major theme the Death in the poem. In the poem “The Woman Speaks to the Man who has Employed her Son” the biblical allusion of Judas Iscariot, the thief on the left hand side of Jesus’ cross and Absalom effectively highlights the theme of growing a child as a single parent and the path impending of doom the family has chosen. The poetic techniques used throughout the poem is assonance, rhyme, metaphor and alliteration. As a result of the child departing from his mother teachings it caused his mother to play the role of a disappointed parent. Both poems “Once Upon A Time” by Gabriel Okara and “The Woman Speaks to the Man who has Employed her Son” by Lorna Goodison a child person is evident. When you think of a snake, words such as sneaky and deceitful come to mind. 0000160932 00000 n Lorna Goodison . 2. This is seen through lines 4-6, “But now they only laugh with their teeth,/ While their ice block cold eyes/ search behind my shadow, and lines 13-18, “‘Feel at home!’ ‘Come again’; / they say, and when I come/ again and feel/ at home, once, twice,/ there will be no thrice-/ for then I will find doors shut on me.” The mother’s role in the poem “The Woman Speaks to the Man who has Employed her Son” is that of a nurturer, “She raised him twice, once as mother/ then as father, set no ceiling/ on what he could be doctor,/ Earth healer, pilot take wings.” However a mother cannot do what a father can do and without a father figure in the home and looked for it on the outside, “He says you are like a father to him/ she is wondering what kind of father would give a son hot and exploding/ death when he asks him for help. In both poems we are presented with parents who served different roles in their child’s life but one may argue about which parental figure plays a more important role in a family, the father or the mother, and which one causes more damage not being in their child’s life. Reality in the sense that although he might look fine on the outside but in reality he doesn’t like to be in genuine to people which is also ironic because he is complaining about people being fake and he is doing the same. This shows the readers the cold-ice-block emotions felt by the speaker. Although, Biblical Allusion is not spread across the poem, it was used in the most concentrated way, to give the readers a define answer in whether if the son will die or not, and it surely told the readers that yes, the son, will die, and pay the price for all his wrong doings, as well as his employer. They are essential tools that a poet uses to create rhythm, enhance a poem's meaning, or intensify a mood or feeling. She felt as if the only thing she could ho is pray. She carried him full term tight up under her heart. This depicts that he has to change his personality to suit each type of special or formal occasion, to make them believe that he is genuine with them, eventhough he is not. The Woman Speaks to the Man Who Has Employed Her Son Summary: The persona in this poem is telling the story of a mother who loved her son. Therefore, the implication is that the persona is false just like the people he despises. 233 0 obj <>stream The mother is overwhelmed by what her son is doing and is disappointed in him, because it could be classified as a sinful act, where the mother feels betrayed, just like how Judas’ mother felt. One device used in “The Woman speaks to the Man who has Employed her Son” would be a simile. Parents are a key figure in any child’s life and without even one of them things can be very difficult. 0000183301 00000 n make her transcend her difficulties. Test. This was then shown in the last stanza where he said,”So show me, son, how to laugh and smile once upon a time when I was like you.” This then also signified his overall turn to that of real to fake, he became like those around him; a snake. 0000006378 00000 n A. See more. He wants his son to teach him what it is like to be normal again because what is becoming the norm is very worrying to him. List of Poetic Devices. However in his adult stage he seems to contradict his mother’s teachings of ambition to become a criminal as it allowed him to be exposed to a father figure. She sees him as her pride and joy and after she received morning sickness she then becomes more aware if how much he really means to her. ��E�‰Ij����/r[�U,�l��Q�LF�6>C�cL�N5+^L\�5���U. 4 Pool 5 Its rather a pathetic plea coming from the adult to a youngster can the ancient culture be retrieved from the overwhelming modern culture. 0000008649 00000 n This speaks to the fact that the son was in a line of work that involved alot of blood and blood money but also alluded that the son might die in this line of work. In the poem “The Woman speaks to the man who has employed her son” by Lorna Goodison the persona plays the role of a once hopeful but disappointed mother which is somewhat understanding. Words or phrases that appeal to any sense or any combination of senses. 0000150068 00000 n In “The Woman Speaks to the Man who has Employed her Son” by Lorna Goodison, before the child was grown, she educated him, and served as the boy’s father and mother, as his father abandoned them. It was shown when he said “I have learned to wear many faces”. Like wearing dresses, for it to be a complete outfit, their needs to be accessories that makes the dress become a wow factor. 0000005207 00000 n In the poem, “The Woman Speaks to the Man who has Employed her Son,” by Lorna Goodison, the dominant theme highlighted is Death, through the use of biblical allusions, that were placed in the last few stanzas of the poem. These two similes bring out the theme perfectly as it grasps the true concept of insincerity. Answers (1) Nuvia 22 November, 02:21. She is now concerned about the welfare of her son. Lana Del Rey's poetic pop has graced radios around the world since 2012. Another poetic device used is situational irony. The repetition of vowel sounds. summary of A Woman Speaks; central theme; idea of the verse; history of its creation; critical appreciation. In Okara’s poem, a father addresses the son, telling him in a rather reflective tone, how things used to be in his time, people were once genuine, however that has changed and he too has undergone that transition, as he is no longer able to be genuine, however, he wishes to dispose of his fake personality and learn how to be genuine once more, which he believes his son may be able to teach him. 0000005891 00000 n The mother’s role to her sone is to raise him with unlimited potential amidst the evil of the world and to help her son to renounce his evils. In the story “Once Upon A Time ” the father of a young boy implores to his son about the world and how it has changed,he expresses to his son that’s people have lost the emotion and are simply non genuine.He also states that he himself has learned how be non genuine and as a result lost his way.The father then implores his son to keep what he has lost and to show him how to be genuine .However in the poem “Once Upon A Time” the mother shows the lengths that parents tend to go through for their child/children’s safe continuation in early life . The speaker wishes that he could go back to being how he was before society “corrupted” him, at the same time he wants to protect his son from society, because of how it manipulates people, in return causes them to lose their morality. This effective device helps to highlight the major theme Loss of Innocence. In the poem “The Woman speaks to the Man who has Employed her Son” the poet’s use of Simile in lines 9-10: “She carried him like the poor carry hope” Poor people have no wealth and usually no chance of breaking through poverty. Parents are key figures in their child’s growth however they may play various roles in their lives.In the poem “Once Upon A Time” by Gabriel Okara the speaking persona is the child’s father. Through the use of the third person perspective, the main theme- death was highlighted, as it revolves around the mother preparing for her son to die, because he had sign a contract of death. An example of this can be found in lines 20-21- “wear many faces like dresses,” similarly to how a woman would change her dress to fit into a particular audience or abide by a particular standard. I will be comparing the roles that both these parents have in their children’s lives. In the poems “Once Upon A Time” and “The Woman Speaks to the Man who has Employed her Son” the speaking personas both have a parental role to the child personas. trailer He does this because he believes that all people in society are cruel and always want to see everyone fail while they succeed, so he uses these many faces as a defense mechanism to keep him from being hurt emotionally. This is seen as the father expresses how once upon a time people were genuine to laugh with their hearts but now they are artificial and hypocrites who only laugh with their teeth. 0000003630 00000 n To uncover the dominant theme buried in in any poem, an important tool is needed; that’s where poetic devices come in. In the poem, “Once Upon a Time” by Gabriel Okara, the speaker uses first person perspective, which is portrayed through the father, in the form of a monologue. 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