These rodenticides are formulated as cereal grains, pellets, tracking powders, or water-soluble formulations. Inexpensive painters' masks are not effective and may give a false sense of security. PDF of Frey 2004. Bosque, Doña Ana Co. The term "commensal" means "living with or in close association to humans." After waiting one hour, roll up the trap and rodent in newspaper, double bag it, and place in the trash. Biota Information System of New Mexico (BISON-M) Species accounts for vertebrates and many groups of invertebrate. Statewide Information Searchable online version of Davis and By. An Annotated Checklist © 2017 New Mexico State University - Board of Regents, To find more resources for your business, home, or family, visit the College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences on the World Wide Web at, Contents of publications may be freely reproduced for educational purposes. For more information view the links on the left-hand navigation bar or visit: New Mexico Department of Health Generally, the potential for a hantavirus problem increases in years when rodent populations increase. A successful bait program is achieved when baits are no longer being eaten, when there are no fresh droppings, and when no live rats or mice are seen. Sin Nombre, the hantavirus identified in the Four Corners area, is associated with deer mice. Damage Management Service (1998). 53. It can be identified by its hairless tail, which is always longer (7 1/2 to 10 inches) than the combined length of the head and body. As with any toxicant, the label directions should always be read and followed exactly. They can chew up wiring as well as insulation, resulting in fire hazards. Figure taken from Texas Wildlife Additional hantaviruses have been identified in the United States since 1993. series of the American Society of Mammalogists. House mice are generally found living in close association with humans and dependent upon the human habitat for shelter and food. There is about a 43 percent mortality rate for the entire United States and a 51 percent mortality rate in New Mexico. Rats can fit through a 1/2-inch hole. information on habitats, and references for Mammalian Species accounts The following measures should be used to protect yourself against contracting hantavirus when trapping rodents. Considering how long humans and rodents have shared common environments, the number of cases is surprisingly low. The presence of rodents in areas where people live or work is unacceptable. Extra care must be taken to protect against hantavirus when cleaning a confined area, especially if it has been vacant for some time and there is evidence, such as rodent droppings, of high rodent activity. Bait boxes will provide safeguards for people, pets, and other nontarget animals. URL for Current Page Scientific Names on this Page Indexed by Global Names. Key to the small terrestrial mammals of the Grand Canyon Young deer mice are gray with white underbellies. However, they quickly become accustomed to new sounds and then tend to ignore them. Rats and mice infestations are a fact of life in New Mexico year-round. Food Storage, Rodents and Hantavirus. However, use Lysol if a surface could be damaged by bleach. Containers known as bait boxes can be purchased that protect baits from the weather and restrict access mainly to rodents. A house mouse infestation can be especially troublesome because these rodents reproduce at a rapid rate. Using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, we tested blood from 398 wild rodents captured in eastern New Mexico, US in 2015–17 and found 42 antibody-positive samples representing six genera. In addition to structural damage they’re capable of causing, rodents are known to be carriers of filth and bacteria. the first 631 accounts. The body is 6 to 8 inches long and weighs between 12 and 16 ounces. Field Key to the deer mice (genus Peromyscus) of Pages; Table of Contents Show More. Person-to-person transmission has not been reported in the United States. Each volume is an his checklist is an update of Taxonomy and Distribution of the Mammals of New Mexico by J. K. Frey (2004, Museum of Texas Tech University Occasional Papers Number 240). North America. Results from a bait program cannot always be measured by counting dead rats and mice. Includes New Mexico/Arizona, 2010: some notes from John Fox on Antelope Jackrabbits and Banner-tailed Kangaroo Rats. Species Account numbers and ASM slides. Click this link for additions to 1998. Mammals of New Mexico. The house mouse is one of the most common pest problems. Field Key to Peromyscus maniculatus and P. leucopus in Figure 5. Because rats and mice have been identified as carriers of hantavirus, extra care needs to be taken when working areas that show signs of rodent infestation. Placing the baits properly can be as important as the type of bait used. The house mouse (fig. New Mexico Habitats, Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles New Mexico has a wide array of natural communities including deserts, mesas, dry shrub and grassy plains, snow-capped mountains, forests, floodplains of the Rio Grande, woodlands, hilly scrublands, lava fields and volcanic plateaus. Also wipe down all surfaces where the droppings were found, such as shelves, counters, and cabinets, with disposable rags or paper towels soaked in the solution. Threatened & Endangered Species Amphibians and Reptiles Birds Fish Invertebrates Mammals Nongame This is Taxonomy and distribution of the mammals of Mammals of Kansas: Comprehensive field guide to Kansas mammals, Annotated Checklist of the Mammals of Nevada:  PDF of Mantooth and Frey Biological Research:  Provides detailed data on several species of conservation concern in New Mexico. Print. Bureau of Biological Survey. Because rats and mice are so common in New Mexico throughout the entire year, it’s important to know what harm they may bring. Taxonomy and distribution of the mammals of New Mexico: an annotated checklist. However, only the Sin Nombre hantavirus has been documented in New Mexico. ASM Checklist of New Mexico Mammals: Produced by the American Occasional Papers, Museum of Texas Tech University 192:1-16. Mammal Species of the World: Searchable authoritative database of the taxonomy of mammals. One field rodent, the deer mouse (fig. The eyes are large and bulging. 4) is sometimes found indoors, especially with the onset of cold weather during the fall when it moves into structures in search of shelter and food. Title. Washington, D.C.[U.S. Govt. Ranging 3.5 to 4.5 inches long with shorter hairless, multicolor tails measuring 1.5 to 2 inches long. For example, they eat and contaminate food with their urine, droppings, and hair. Messmer. All baits should be fresh and changed daily. 1), roof rat (fig. Hantavirus can be difficult to diagnosis, because the symptoms mimic the common flu. situations other than indicated. cardboard. south-central New Mexico Then soak the rodent and trap with a disinfectant solution. mammals in relation to Frey 2004. Bugs and Pests. The eyes are large and prominent. Much of the information for this publication was adapted from: Brennand, C. P. 1999. Good sanitation is very effective in reducing rat and mice populations in human dwellings or work places. Virchow, and F.R. Rats and mice can be frightened by loud or unfamiliar sounds. Anticoagulant rodenticides are available in either single- or multiple-dose baits. Rats and mice can create significant problems for New Mexico residents. Wildlife Damage Management: Control of Rats and Mice. This 2006 checklist by Frey, MacDonald, and Cook updates the taxonomy of New Mexico mammals in relation to Frey 2004. This is a list of all location in New Includes taxonomy, distribution, habitats, natural history, etc. 1980. New Mexico woman dies of Hantavirus, rare illness spread by rodents April 26, 2018 / 4:37 PM / CBS News A 27-year-old woman has died from a rodent-borne disease about three … Rats and mice also can carry diseases that are health hazards to both humans and domestic animals, such as typhus fever, trichinosis, plague, salmonella, and hantavirus. Wear protective clothing, including latex or rubber gloves. Proper single and double trap placement along a wall. This is the only long-term prevention method, which requires time and energy as described below. Checklist of Mammals North of Mexico: Pdf of Baker et al. Rodents are the only animals known to play a direct role in transmitting hantavirus. Series: North American fauna ; no. Rat feces in particular are feared for their ability to spread disease. Utah Division of Wildlife; includes GAP predicted habitat maps; otherwise, Use extreme Perognathus merriami (Merriam’s pocket mouse) Frey—Key to New Mexico Rodents 30. Bailey, Vernon, 1864-1942 United States. A Field Guide to the Mammals of North American North of Mexico. North American Mammals: A searchable field guide to the mammals of This list is currently not up 1997- New Mexico State University is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer and educator. Waste and garbage also should be disposed in tightly covered metal cans. Unfortunately, these devices have not withstood scientific scrutiny. Finally, clean the area according to previously defined guidelines. Although cheese often is used for bait, it quickly becomes stale and losses its attractiveness. HPS is the term most medical professionals use. They also can damage wood doors, floors, walls, clothing, and furniture. Learn more about our mission and programs. However, hantavirus has a high fatality rate, and it is necessary to take precautions. 1), roof rat (fig. Many devices that produce ultrasonic sound and electromagnetic fields have been marketed as effective and easy ways to frighten mice and rats away. Includes general information on distribution https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mammals_of_New_Mexico New Mexico is the fifth largest state in the U.S., encompassing more than 121,000 square miles—more than the states of Mississippi and Washington combined. work stetting. This is a comprehensive technical key to the rodents of New Mexico by J. Frey. All openings rodents can enter should be covered with rodent-resistant materials, such as 1/4-inch hardware cloth. Minimizing exposure to rodents is essential. The chlorine bleach destroys the virus. This distribution is fairly similar to that of the remainder of North America (although sciurids are relatively twice as abundant to the north, at the expense of cricetids), but is very different from that of South America , where the corresponding figures are 36%, 3%, 1% and 60%. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Finally, exclude all rodents from entering a structure. Figure 6. Texas Wildlife Damage Management Service, San Antonio, Texas, L-1916. In addition, there are numerous other field rodents that seldom live indoors. Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Rats and mice are infamous for causing a lot of damage inside homes and businesses. Available online: www.west-ext.com (Jan. 3, 2002). The roof rat has large ears and a pointed nose. So there’s no shortage of habitat for the 500 species of birds, 150 species of mammals, and 123 species of reptiles and amphibians that call New Mexico home. House Mice in Santa Fe and Albuquerque NM. Mammals Of New Mexico Mammals Of New Mexico by James Smith Findley. Figure 4: Burt and Grossenheider 1980. Revised checklist of North American mammals north of Mexico, 2003. Occasional Papers, Museum of                                   Back to Top. In the fall or winter, rodents also may try to move indoors for food and shelter. Cover the edges of doors and windows with metal to prevent gnawing. and slides on the ASM Mammal Slide Library. The New Mexico State Game Commission has approved plans to restore River Otter. little technical data Rodents primarily carry hantaviruses and each hantavirus has a preferred rodent. Although once contracted, the virus is not always fatal. They can cause structural damage to buildings by their gnawing and nest-building activities. The Peterson Field Guide Series. Publication Details. It is best to locate the bait where it will be in the rodent's normal travel line. Occasional Papers, Museum of Texas Tech University 240:1-32. Mammals Of New Mexico books. riparian zone, Annotated Checklist of the Mammals of Colorado: Pdf of Saldana- They can be purchased in ready-to-use forms at farm and ranch supply, hardware, and grocery stores. Field Key to the Terrestrial Small Mammals of the Mesilla Valley Figures in this publication were taken directly from the following sources: Figures 1, 2 and 3: Burt and Grossenheider 1980. A total of 458 samples from 13 rodent and one lagomorph species collected between November 2002 and July 2004 were tested by nested PCR targeting the 18S ribosomal RNA gene (18S rRNA). Deer mice are found almost everywhere in North America. The Rock Squirrel is diurnal; which means he is most active in the early morning and late afternoon. If diagnosed early, treatment prior to onset of respiratory distress can increase the chance of survival. DeLeon and Jones 1998, Kansas Trypanosoma DNA was Rats and mice normally begin dying 3 to 10 days after feeding on the baits. 6). Hantavirus symptoms are much like the flu: fever, headache, severe muscle aches, shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea. unpublished and some statements my pertain to specific subspecies or Mammals of New Mexico by Findley, James S., 1975, University of New Mexico Press edition, in English - 1st ed. Materials should be stored at least 18 inches off the ground or floor, and with space between the material and the wall. In addition, humans can contract hantavirus by introduction of contaminated materials into the eyes, ingestion of foods contaminated by excreta, and contamination through broken skin if bitten by an infected rodent. 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